After a year’s hiatus, it was good to see the return of How to Read a Latin Poem, a series of lectures now in its fifth year, delivered by Professor Mary Beard of Newnham College, Cambridge and Dr Llewelyn Morgan of Brasenose College, Oxford. Virgil’s ninth Eclogue was chosen for analysis, a foray into the collateral damage caused by Rome’s Civil Wars of the late first century BC. Virgil focuses on the inhabitants of the Italian countryside, thrown off their smallholdings by generalissimos, eager to repay their soldiers with plots of land. The mass evictions and confiscations caused by the return of thousands of Roman soldiers is conveyed by the two protagonists of the poem, Lycidas and Moeris who expose the reality of Peace. Virgil imbued the idyllic landscapes created by Theocritus (Virgil’s Greek model) with the revolutionary changes that were shaping Roman society and thereby changed the nature of Pastoral poetry forever.